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Music Citations: Turabian/Chicago Style: Welcome

This guide will assist with formatting music citations using the Turabian/Chicago style. For more info, consult Turabian Manual: MUS REFPN203.T8 2007 or consult Chicago Manual online at:


There are many ways to cite resources in your research.

The citation style you use will often depends on the academic discipline involved. 

We generally use Chicago/Turabian when conducting Music Research.

As you review this guide, please note:

  • B: before a citation denotes that this example is a bibliographic citation; this is what you will use in your bibliography or works cited
  • N: before a citation denotes that this example is a footnote (or note) citation; this will be found in the footnotes section of the page in which item has been referenced

Cite Like a Pro!

  • Check with your faculty to ensure that you are using the preferred citation style for your specific course.
  • Pay close attention to punctuation and capitalization; this can make or break the formatting!
  • Avoid relying on automatically generated citations, the citations are generally riddled with mistakes.

Pay Attention to Capitalization

Capitalizing the correct words makes or breaks a citation!


  • Capitalize proper nouns
  • The full names of legislative bodies are capitalized
  • Titles of works should be capitalized based on headline-style capitalization rules, which are:
    • Capitalize all major words in a title or subtitle
    • Do NOT capitalize “a, an, or the” unless they are the first word in the title
    • Do NOT capitalize “and, but, for, nor, or, to, as.”
    • Proper names are capitalized
    • When listing periodicals in the text, do not capitalize the the leading “the,” even if it is part of the title (i.e. the New York Times).

Citation Management

If you need help organizing your sources, consider using a citation management tool!

Librarian Info

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Sylvia Yang
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Need More Help?

For additional assistance with any of these Citation Styles Ask A Librarian or schedule a consultation.

Additional assistance can be found in the Academic Resource Center.

ARC (The Speaking and Listening Center, The Writing Center, and the Quantitative Reasoning Center) has transitioned to support students in an online format.