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Music Citations: Turabian/Chicago Style: Scores

This guide will assist with formatting music citations using the Turabian/Chicago style. For more info, consult Turabian Manual: MUS REFPN203.T8 2007 or consult Chicago Manual online at: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/16/contents.html

Turabian Location

For more information, see A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Eighth Edition​, by Kate L. Turabian. Turabian Notes-Bibliography Style: Musical Scores 17.8.5.3

Tips!

If more than one city is listed, you usually go with the first one, which is typically the "home" or flagship of the publisher.

If you cannot find a year of publication on the score itself, then look up the item in the library online catalog. If the year is listed there, use it. If the year is indicated as 19? then use that. Your librarian can help you with this. 

Professors at DePauw prefer that foreign titles remain in original languages. If your score reads Le Nozze di Figaro, do *not* translate to The Marriage of Figaro. If your title page reads Klavier Konzert, then do *not* translate to Piano Concerto.

For the whole work. Citation Format B=bibliography N=footnote

For the whole work:

Cite your musical score as you would a book. To cite a score from a multivolume set/collected edition, scroll down.

B: Composer Last Name, First. Name of Musical Work. City, State (if city isn’t well known): Publisher, Year.

Example: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, K. 525. Bryn Mawr, PA: Theodore Presser, 1960.

N1Author First Name Last, Title of Work (City: Publisher, Year), page numbers.

Example: 1Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, K. 525. (Bryn Mawr, PA: Theodore Presser, 1960), 1-3.

Scores from Collected Editions

Use the title page in your volume to gain information such as Series, Workgroup, editor(s), etc. Keep titles in their original language and italicize. Use sentence style capitalization--for example, in German, nouns are capitalized, verbs and adjectives are not.  After the title, go ahead and translate foreign terms to English. Reihe = series. Band = volume. Werkgrupp = workgroup. Teilband = part. Replace Roman numerals with regular numbers: Series 2, NOT Series II. If there is more than one city listed, choose the first one. "Vorgelegt von" or "herausgegeben von" (edited by) is where you locate editor names.

You'll notice that Series and Workgroup often have accompanying genres/titles. For example, Series II: Bühnenwerke, and Werkgruppe 5: Opern und Singspiele. You can leave these titles off. series 2 and workgroup 5 suffice.

If your volume contains a whole opera but your paper only concerns one aria, then indicate the aria in your footnote, using the "Chapters and Essays" tab above to inform your citation. You'll also want to do this if your volume contains two concertos and you're only concerned with one, or if you're only concerned with one movement from a symphony, etc. In other words: cite the whole in the bibliography, but add the "part" in your footnote. An aria should go in quotation marks. But whole compositions or movements can stand alone.

Examples:

B: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Cosi fan tutte. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarte neue Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke, series 2, workgroup 5, vol. 18, parts 1 and 2. Edited by Faye Ferguson and Wolfgang Rehm. Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1991.

B: Haydn, Joseph. Konzerte für Violoncello und Orchester. Joseph Haydn Werke, series 3, vol. 2. Edited by Sonja Gerlach. München: G. Henle, 1981.

B: Schumann, Robert. 3. Symphonie, Opus 97. Robert Schumann neue Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke, series 1, workgroup 1, vol. 3. Edited by Linda Correll Roesner. Mainz: Schott, 1995.

For footnotes, you know what to do: change to First Name Last, replace periods with commas, replace “Edited by” with “ed.” or “eds.” and put publication information in parentheses.

Song in an Anthology

Song in an Anthology

Cite a song from an anthology/collection as you would a book chapter.

B: Wolf, Hugo. “Lebe wohl.” In The Lieder Anthology, edited by Virginia Saya and Richard Walters, 33-34. Milwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard, 2003.

N: 1Hugo Wolf, “Lebe wohl,” in The Lieder Anthology, eds. Virginia Saya and Richard Walters (Milwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard, 2003): 33-34.