Skip to main content

Music Citations: Turabian/Chicago Style: Secondary Sources

This guide will assist with formatting music citations using the Turabian/Chicago style. For more info, consult Turabian Manual: MUS REFPN203.T8 2007 or consult Chicago Manual online at:

One Source Quoted in Another

B: Author Last, First. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article," JournalTitle: Journal Subtitle Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX. Quoted in First Name of Author of Secondary Source Last Name of Author of Secondary Source, Title of Source: Subtitle of Source. Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year.

Ex: Zukofsky, Louis. "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269. Quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.

N: Note Number. Author First Name/Initial Author Last Name, "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article," JournalTitle: Journal Subtitle Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX, quoted in First Name of Author of Secondary Source Last Name of Author of Secondary Source, Title of Source: Subtitle of Source. (Place of Publication: Publisher Name, YEAR), Page Numbers.

Ex: Louis Zukofsky, "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981). 78.

About Secondary Sources

Turabian states that "Responsible researchers avoid repeating quotations that they have no actually seen in the original" (272). That being said, when the original source is unavailable (i.e. unpublished manuscript), researchers may need to include the quotation as it is found in a secondary source. This is done by using the terms "quoted in" and then listing the secondary source information in the citation (pp. 272-273).