B: Authors Last Name, First. "Title." PhD diss., University of Wherever, Year.
N: 1AuthorFirst Name Last, "Title" (PhD diss., University of Wherever, Year), page numbers.
B: McMann, Sam. "A Harmonic Analysis of John Cage's 4'33." PhD diss., University of Smartsville, 2004.
N: 1Sam McMann, "A Harmonic Analysis of John Cage's 4'33" (PhD diss., University of Smartsville, 2004), 16.
For a thesis, use the citation style for a dissertation, but replace "PhD diss." with "master's thesis."
B: Carvalho Filho, Irineu de, and Renato P. Colistete. "Education Performance: Was It All Determined 100 Years Ago? Evidence from São Paolo, Brazil." Paper presented at the 70th annual meeting of the Economic History Association, Evanston, IL, September 24-26, 2010. http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/24494/1/MPRA_paper-24494.pdf.
N: 1Viviana Hong, "Censorship in Children's Literature during Argentina's Dirty War (1976-1983)" (lecture, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, April 30, 2015).
N: 2Julie Leininger Pycior, "Trailblazers and Harbingers: Mexicans in New York before 1970" (paper presented at the 130th annual meeting of the American Historical Society, Atlanta, GA, January 8, 2016).
The Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA) is a doctoral academic degree in music. The DMA combines advanced studies in an applied area of specialization (usually music performance, music composition, or conducting) with graduate-level academic study in subjects such as music history, music theory, or music pedagogy. The DMA degree usually takes about three to four years of full-time study to complete (in addition to the master's and bachelor's degrees), preparing students to be professional performers, conductors, and composers. As a terminal degree, the DMA qualifies its recipient to work in university, college, and conservatory teaching/research positions. Students seeking doctoral training in musicology or music theory typically enter a PhD program, rather than a DMA program.
A thesis is the name given to document (often under 100 pages of writing) that is a part of the student's graduation requirement for a DMA along with other capstone projects usually in performance.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil) is the highest university degree that is conferred after a course of study by universities in most countries. PhDs are awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields. As an earned research degree, those studying for a PhD are usually required to produce original research that expands the boundaries of knowledge, normally in the form of a thesis or dissertation, and defend their work against experts in the field. The completion of a PhD is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields.
A dissertation is the name given to the only capstone work of a student's graduation for a PhD and is usually several hundred pages of scholarly study on a musical topic.
For further examples, please consult: Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 9th ed., rev. by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, et al. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018).