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HIST 490 - Senior Seminar

This guide is for History Senior Seminars.

Reading & Writing

How To Cite Primary Sources?

There is no one rule or set of rules for citing primary sources in the Chicago Manual of Style; the format of the note and bibliographical entry will depend on the type of material from where the source originates. The links below will provide guidance for how to craft citations for primary sources based on type. 

Note: this box was copied and adapted from Bates' College's Chicago Citation Style LibGuide

Citations from Secondary Sources

While it is generally discouraged, it is possible to cite a source taken from a secondary source. If an original source is otherwise unavailable, it is cited as "quoted in..." and both the original and secondary sources must be listed. 

  1. E.E. Cummings, "A Poet's Advice to Students," Ottawa Hills Spectator, October 26, 1955, quoted in George J. Firmage, ed., E.E. Cummings: A Miscellany Revised, (New York: October House Inc, 1965), 335. 

Cummings, E.E. "A Poet's Advice to Students." Ottawa Hills Spectator, October 26, 1955, quoted in Firmage, George J., ed. E.E. Cummings: A Miscellany Revised. 335. New York: October House Inc, 1965.

Note: this box was copied and adapted from Bates' College's Chicago Citation Style LibGuide

Legal and Public Documents

Legal and public documents, including court cases, legislation, and other government documents have special citation forms based on The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. CMS accounts for certain basic rules of citation, but defaults to The Bluebook. A copy of this guide is available in print at the Research Desk in Roy. 

Note: this box was copied and adapted from Bates' College's Chicago Citation Style LibGuide